Is the hornbill which is the smallest in Thailand with the length of the body of 70 centimeters. Most of the body color is black, and there is some while on the stomach, cheek, wing edge, and tail edge. It has a very large yellow mouth and the large hump on the upper part of the mouth. The female bird has a smaller size than the male bird.
Can be found in deciduous forest, dry evergreen forest, deciduous dipterocarp forest, India, South of China, and Southeast Asia. In Thailand, it can be found in every region except the upper part of the Northereast. The albirotris type can be found across the country but the convexus type can be found only in the lower part of the South.
Indian Pied Hornbill eats fruit and fig, especially banyan seeds, fig seeds, including insect and small reptiles.
Seeking for food as a group, staying on the big tree, eating fruit, fig and small reptiles, making a loud noise “gag, gag, gag” This bird breeds during April to May, building the nest in the hollow of the tree. It lays 2 to 3 eggs each time. During the incubation, the bird’s mother will enter the nest before the bird’s father closes the nest, living the small hole for the feeding from the bird’s father, and taking out the dung from the bird’s mother and the chick. The bird’s mother will stay in the nest tjl the chick hatches out and then will help each other to open the nest.
Update : 11 April 2017